Unit 7: language (trang 20

     

Bài học tập Unit 7 Lớp 11 World Population phần Language Focus phía dẫn các em ôn tập điểm ngữ pháp về câu điều kiện sẽ học với mở rộng lớn dạng mới của câu điều kiện.

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Tóm tắt bài giảng

1.Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 7

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 7

2.1.Conditional sentences(Câu điều kiện)

2.2.Conditional in reported speech(Câu điều kiện dạng tường thuật)

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 7

3.1. Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 1

3.2.Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 2

3.3.Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 3

Bài tập minh họa

Bài tập trắc nghiệm


TYPE

MAIN CLAUSE

IF - CLAUSE

Type I: Real in the present/future

(Có thật ở hiện tại/tương lai)

will/can/should/may + bare infinitivePresent simple : chỉ sự thật, quy nguyên lý hoặc thói quen

Present simple

Type II: Unreal in the present

(Không gồm thật ở hiện tại tại)

would/could/might + bare infinitive

Past simple

Type III: Unreal in the past

(Không tất cả thật làm việc quá khứ)

would/could/might + have + past pasticiple (V-ed/III)

Past perfect

ExampleIf the weather is fine, we will go for a picnic tomorrow.

If Iwereyou, Iwouldn"t tellher a lie.

If Ihad studiedhard, Icoud have passedthe exam.

Lưu ý:Các thì được nêu vào bảng là phần căn bản, ngoài ra có thể thực hiện thêm một trong những loại thì như:thì tiếp diễn, thì hiện tại hoàn thànhhoặc"be going to"trong mệnh đề có chứa "if".If you are waiting for a bus, you should join the queue.If you have finished with the computer, I will put it away.If I"m going to catch the train, I"ll have lớn leave now.​​Nếu thời gian trong mệnh đề đk (If- clause) và thời hạn trong mệnh đề chính (Main clause) rất khác nhau thì hoàn toàn có thể kết hợp đk loại 2 và một số loại 3.​If I had eaten breakfast this morning, I would not be hungry now.If I had gone to lớn bed early last night, I would not be tired now.

2.2. Conditional in reported speech (Câu điều kiện dạng tường thuật)


Khi được gửi sang câu tường thuật, các thì trong câu đk được biến hóa theo dạng thường thì như quy tắc biến đổi câu tường thuật đang học.Ví dụ minh họa"If I catch the plane, I will be trang chủ by five." ---> He said that if he caught the plane he would be home by five."If I had any money, I would buy you a drink." ---> She said that if she had had/had any money she would have bought/would buy me a drink."If she had loved Tom, she wouldn"t have left him." ---> He said that if she had loved Tomshe wouldn"t have left him.Câu đề nghị, câu nhiệm vụ hoặc yêu thương cầu, khuyên nhủ bảo bao gồm chứa mệnh đề if rất có thể chuyển thành nhiều dạng"If you feel ill, why don"t you go khổng lồ bed?" ---> She advised me lớn go lớn bed if I felt ill./She said that if I felt ill I should go to bed.Câu có mệnh đề if + thắc mắc thường được thuật lại cùng với mệnh đề if đặt ở cuối câu"If the door is clocked what shall I do?" ---> She asked that what she should vì if the door was clocked.

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 7 Lớp 11


3.1. Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 1

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form. Add"ll/will, or"d/wouldif necessary. (Chia những động từ vào ngoặc ở dạng đúng. Thêm"ll/will, hoặc"d/wouldnếu nên thiết.)

I (drive) ______ to work if I had a car.Where in Vietnam would you like to live if you (can) _____ choose?If the weather (be) ______ good, we will have lunch outside.If the company offers me a job, I think I (take) _____ it.Many people would be out of work if that factory (close) ________ down.If you finish before 4:30, I (come) _____ & pick you up.Guide khổng lồ answerI would driveto work if I had a car.Where in Vietnam would you lượt thích to live if you couldchoose?If the weather isgood, we will have lunch outside.If the company offers me a job, I think I will takeit.Many people would be out of work if that factory closeddown.If you finish before 4:30, I will comeand pick you up.
3.2. Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 2

Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

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(Chia cồn từ vào ngoặc sống dạng đúng)

They would have paid you more if they (be told)……….of its value.If I (realise) ………..that Greg wanted to get up early, I would have woken him up.If you had had breakfast, you (not/be)………….hungry.If they had had enough money, they (buy)……………that house.If he (study) ……………harder, he would have passed the exams.Guide khổng lồ answerThey would have paid you more if they had been toldof its value.If I had realisedthat Greg wanted lớn get up early, I would have woken him up.If you had had breakfast, you wouldn"t have beenhungry.If they had had enough money, they would have boughtthat house.If he had studiedharder, he would have passed the exams.
3.3. Unit 7 Language Focus Exercise 3

Change the following conditional sentences into reported speech. (Chuyển đổi đầy đủ câu điều kiện sau thanh lịch dạng câu tường thuật)

“I will come to lớn see you if I have time,” the man said khổng lồ her.“What would you say if someone stepped on your feet?” he asked her.“If it doesn’t rain, we will go out with you,” they said lớn me.“What would you vị if you were a billionaire?” the man asked the woman."If you had asked me, I would have lent you my motorbike.” the man said lớn me.“They would be very disappointed if you did not come," the man said to his daughter.“I’m sure they will understand if you explain the situation to lớn them” the boy said to the girl.

Guide lớn answer

The men told her he would come lớn see her if he had time.He asked her what she would say if someone stepped on her feet.They told me if it didn"t rain, they would go out with me.The man asked the woman what she would vì chưng if she were a billionaire.The man told me if I had asked him, he would have lend me his motorbike.The man told his daughter the would be very disappointed if she didn"t come.The boy told the girl he was sure they would understand if she explained the situation lớn them.

Using the given information, make conditional sentences. Use "if"

I don"t ride the bus to lớn school every morning because it"s always so crowded.The schoolchildren sowed some seeds, but they forgot lớn water them so they didn"t grow.Stop talking or you won"t understand the lesson.The wind is blowing hard, so we won"t take the boat out for a ride.Carol didn’t answer the phone because she was studying.I feel better now because you talked khổng lồ me about my problems yesterday.Because I don"t have enough không tính phí time, I can"t help my mother with the housework.KeyI would take the bus lớn school every morning If it wasn"t/ weren"t always so crowded.If the school-children hadn"t forgotten/ had remembered lớn water the seeds, they would have grown.If you don"t stop talking, you won"t understand the lesson.If the wind wasn"t/ weren"t blowing hard, we would take the boat out for a ride.If Carol hadn"t been studying she would have answered the phone.I wouldn"t fee> better now if you hadn"t talked khổng lồ me about my problems yesterday.If I had more free time, I could help my mother with the housework.Exercise 2 Language Focus Unit 7

Change the following conditional sentences into reported speech.

"If I had any money I"d buy you a drink," she said lớn me."If I catch the plane I"ll be trang chủ by five," he said."You should stay in bed if you feel unwell." my mother said."What would you vày if you were having a problem with grammar, Jane?" Anne asked."If I"d had my smartphone yesterday, I could have contacted you," Matthew said."If I were you, I"d stop smoking," she said to her brother."If you happen khổng lồ be in our area, drop in và see us," they said.

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KeyThey asked me to lớn drop in và see them if I happened to lớn be in their area.She told me if she had/ had had some money she would buy/ would have bought me a drink.He said if he caught the plane he would be home by five.My mother advised inch to stay in bed if I felt unwell./My mother said that if I felt unwell should stay in bed.Anne asked Jane what she would do/ would have done if she were having/ had been having a problem with grammar.Matthew said if he"d had his thiết bị di động the day before, he could have contacted me.She advised her brother lớn stop smoking.